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FATHER OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

Father of Political Science, Aristotle is regarded as the father of political science. He was a great Greek philosopher, Also the first one to give a working definition of political science. He also believed that political science was a powerful and dynamic branch of science.

Aristotle’s work shaped centuries of philosophy from late antiquity through the  Renaissance. Even today continue to be studied with keen interest. A prodigious researcher and writer left a great body of work. Perhaps numbering as many as 200  treaties, from which approximately 31 survive. His writings span a wide range of disciplines, from logic, metaphysics, and philosophy of mind, true ethics. Political Theory, aesthetics, and rhetoric. Such primarily known philosophical fields as empirical biology.

Detailed plant and animal observation

He excelled at detailed plant and animal observation and description. Human beings not only can observe the plant and animal but also themselves and with that understanding of themselves. One can go beyond the mind. In all these areas, Aristotle’s theories have proved illumination, met with resistance, Spark debate. It is generally stimulate the substance interest of an abiding readership.

The truth may lie behind the curtains but no one knows. The theory e is not real or practical. The philosophy defies easy encapsulation. The long history of interpretation and appropriation of Aristotle’s text and themes spanning over 2 millennia and comprising philosophers working within a variety of religious and secular traditions approved even basic points of interpretation controversial.

ARISTOTLE LIFE Father of Political Science

He was born in 384 BCE in the Macedonian region of northeastern trees in the small city of Stagira. He was sent to Athens at about the age of 17 to study in plateaus Academy. Then an eminent place of learning in the Greek world. While in Athens, Aristotle remained associated with the Academy until plateaus death in 347, at which time he left for Assos in Asia Minor, on the Northwest coast of present-day Turkey.

A continued philosophical activity had begun in the Academy.  But in all likelihood also began to expand his researches into Marine biology. He remained at Assos at approximately three years. When evidently upon the death of his host Hermes, a friend, and former academic. Who had been the ruler of Assos. Aristotle moved to the nearby coastal island of lesbos. Still, he continued his philosophical and empirical research for an additional two years, working in conjunction with Theophrastus, a native of Lesbos. Later on as total married Pythias, the niece of hernias, With whom he had a daughter named Pythias.

In 343,  upon the request of  Philip, the king of Macedon, Aristotle left Lesbos for Pella. The Macedonian capital to the king’s 13-year-old son Alexander the boy who eventually became Alexander the Great.

ALEXANDER THE GREAT- A CONTROVERSY

There are speculations concerning Aristotle’s influence upon the developing. Alexander has proven irresistible to historians little concrete is known about the interaction. It seems reasonable to conclude that some tuition took place. But that it lasted only 23 years when Alexander was aged from 13 to 15. By 15 Alexander was already serving as a deputy military Commander for his father, a circumstance undermining. The judgment of those stories to conjecture a longer period of tuition. Some suppose that their Association lasts as long as eight years. It is difficult to rule out the possibility decisively.

Since little is know about the period of its total life from 341-335. In Athens, he set up his school in a public exercise area dedicated to the God Apollo Lykeios. Total School later came to be called peripatetics.  Probably because of the existence of an Ambulatory on the school’s property adjacent to the exercise ground.  Aristotle is interested in subjects such as botany, biology, logic, music, mathematics, astronomy,  medicine, cosmology,  physics, the history of Philosophy,  metaphysics, psychology,  ethics. Theology, political history, government, and Political Theory,  and the arts.  During that period,  Aristotle’s wife, Pythias, died and he developed a new relationship with Herpyllis, perhaps like he is native to Stagira.

Aristotle’s most important serving authentic works follow the basic division of his major writings: Father of Political Science

  • Organon
  • Categories
  • De Interpretatione
  • Prior Analytics
  • Posterior Analytics
  • Topics
  • Sophistical Refutations

Theoretical Sciences

  • Physics
  • Generation and Corruption
  • De Carlo
  • Metaphysics
  • De Anima
  • Parva Naturalia
  • History of Animals
  • Part of Animals
  • Movement of Animals
  • Meteorology
  • Progression of Animals
  • Generation of Animals

Practical Sciences

  • Nicomachean Ethics
  • Eudemian Ethics
  • Magna Moralia
  • Politics

Productive Science

Rhetoric

Poetics

The titles in this list are those most commonly used today in English language scholarship.

About The Psychology Social Science

LOGIC, SCIENCE, AND DIALECTIC

Aristotle’s reliance on Mendoza takes on a still greater significance given the roles such opinions plane dialectic. Which regards as an important form of non-scientific reasoning. Dialectic, life science traits in logical inference; but science requests premises of a short beyond the scope of ordinary dialectical reasoning.  Whereas science relies upon premises that are necessary and known to be so, a dialectical discussion can proceed.

LOGIC Father of Political Science

The great achievement to which  Aristotle can lay claim is the first systematic treatment of the principles of correct reasoning, the first logic. Although today we recognize many forms of logic beyond  Aristotle. It remains true that he not only developed the theory of deduction now called syllogistic ok. But added to it a model of logistic and went a long way towards proving some meta-theorems pertinent to the systems. The philosophers before Aristotle reason well or reason poorly. The competition among them had a secure working grasp of the principles of validity and sounds in augmentation. No statue developed the systematic treatment of the principles governing correct inference, and no one before him attempted to qualify the formal and syntactic principles at play in such inference. It also draws attention to this fact at the end of a discussion of logical inference and fallacy:

Once you have surveyed our work. If it seems to you that our system has developed adequately in comparison with other treatments arising from the tradition to date. Bearing in mind how things were at the beginning of our inquiry- it falls to you, to our students, to be intelligent concerning any emissions in our system, and to feel a great debt of gratitude for the discovery is it contains.  In Aristotle’s logic, the basic ingredients of reasoning are given in terms of inclusion and exclusion relations. The sword graphically captured many years later by the device of Venn diagrams. He begins with the notion of a patently correct short of argument one who is evident and unsaleable acceptability induces as total to refer to is as perfect detection.

SCIENCE

Aristotle approaches the study of logic not as an end in itself, but with a view to its role in human inquiry and explanation. Logic is a tool that makes an important but incomplete contribution to science and dielectric. Its contribution is incomplete because science employs arguments that are more than mere deductions. Still, science needs more assignments proceeds by organizing the data. Its domain into a series of arguments which beyond being deductions feature necessary premises and as Aristotle says better known by nature or more intelligible by nature. Science to capture not only the casual priorities in nature but also its deep invariant patterns. Consequently,  in addition to being explanatorily basic, the first premise in a scientific deduction will be necessary.

Aristotle says, Father of Political Science

Aristotle says, with things we and standard things without qualification, and not in the sophisticated, accidental way, whenever we think we know the cores in virtue of which something -Dad it is the very cause of the very thing- and also know that this cannot be otherwise. Knowledge is something of the sort. After all, both those without knowledge and those without it supposed that this is so- although only those with knowledge are actually in this condition. And whatever is known without qualification cannot be otherwise.

Aristotle’s approach to the appropriate form of scientific explanation invites reflection upon a troubling epistemological question: how does demonstration begin? If we are to layout demonstration such that the less well-known is informed using detection from the better known, then unless we reach rock bottom. We will before sat to continue over backward to what’s the increasing live better known which seems implausibly and less on lapse into some form of circularity which seems undesirable.

ON KNOWLEDGE

Aristotle contents; Father of Political Science

Some people think that since knowledge obtained via demonstration requires the knowledge of primary things, there is no knowledge. Others think that there is knowledge and that all knowledge is demonstrable. Neither of these views is either true or necessary. The first group, those opposing that there is no knowledge, is content that we are confronted with an infinite regress. They contend that we cannot know posterior things because prior things if none of the prior things is primary.

What they contend is correct: it is indeed impossible to transfer an infinite series. Yet, we maintain that if the rigorous come to a halt. There are first principles. They will be unavailable, since there will be no demonstration of first principles- given as they maintain, that only what is demonstrated can be known. One-button if it is not possible to know the primary, then neither can be no without qualification or in any proper way that I think derived from. Rather, we can know them instead only based on a hypothesis. If the primary things are obtained, then so do the things they arrived from them. The other group agrees that knowledge results only from demonstration but believes that nothing stands in the way of demonstration, since they Admit circular and reciprocal demonstration as possible.

ARISTOTLE’S PHILOSOPHY ON HAPPINESS

Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life,  the whole, and the end of existence.

Happiness indeed depends on ourselves. More than anybody else, the whole philosophy of happiness according to Aristotle is the purpose and goal of human life. He devotes more time to the topic of happiness than anything covered had done to the modern era. Right virtue and conduct are necessary for the bloom of happiness. It covers a wide range of fulfillment and conditions. Physical, as well as mental well-being, is a must.  So, he introduced the idea of a science of happiness in the classical sense as well as in terms of a new field of knowledge. But knowledge can’t bring happiness as knowledge is limited.

Whatever is limit cannot bloom or flower happiness. Aristotle argues that virtue is achieve by maintaining the mean, which is the balance between two axes. The middle part was a minimal requirement for meditative life and not the source of virtue in itself. Later on, Aristotle asked  “ what is the ultimate purpose of human existence? Every human being is seeking pleasure, wealth, and reputation. It claims that nearly everyone would argue that happiness is there and which meets all these requirements.

We Desire Money Father of Political Science

It is easy enough to see that we desire money, pleasure, power, comfort, position, and honor only because we believe that these goods will make us happy. The Greek word that usually gets translated as happiness is eudaimonia, and like most translations from ancient languages, this can be misleading. Happiness is a final and air gold that encompasses the totality of one’s life. If you seek something you will only find what you sought. For the same reason. We can see that children are happy. Any more than we can say that an icon is a tree, for the potential for a flourishing human life has not yet been realized. As its total says’ ‘ for as it is not once hello one fine day that makes a spring, so it is not one day or a short time that makes a man blessed and

Happy.  

TIME

For Aristotle, extension, motion, and Time are three fundamentals that continue in an intimate and order relation to each other. local motion derives its content from the continuity of extension, and time derives its continuity from the continuity of motion. Time is the number of motions concerning before and after. where there is no motion, there is no time.  Aristotle says” we perceive Motion and Time Together”.  One can observe how much time has passed by the use of the process of chump change. in particular, the days, and, the moon, and the stars about their celestial travels.

MATTER 

Change, for  Aristotle, can take place in many different categories. Local motion is changed in the category of place. Change in the category of quantities is growth. It Change in the category of quality is what total calls alteration. Change in the category of substance, exchange of one kind of thing into another is very special. Substance goes through changes of quantity or quality,  the substance remains throughout.

“ By matter, I mean what in itself is neither of any kind of any size not describable by any of the categories of being.  It is something of which all these things are predicate, and therefore its essence is different from that of all predicates. The entity that is not of any kind, size, or shape and of which nothing at all can be said may seem highly mysterious but this is not what I still have in mind. It is not in itself of any particular size, because; it is not in itself water or stream. After all, it is both of these in turn. But this does not mean that there is any time at which it is not a penis size or any time at which it is neither water nor steam knows anything else. 

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

In his Posterior  Analytics, Aristotle applies the theory of syllogism to scientific and epistemology ends. here are just to build up out of the demonstration. A demonstration is a particular kind of syllogism. One whose promises can be traced back to true, necessary, universal, and immediately set principles. The self-evident principles are related to the conclusion of Science as axioms.

The axioms both state and explain the truth that constitutes science. Aristotle would define the proper subject matter of science. The account of science is impressive, but it bears no resemblance to any of Aristotle’s scientific works. Moreover, the whole history of scientific India contains no perfect instance of a demonstrated science.

PHILOSOPHY OF ARISTOTLE’S BRAIN

Aristotle regarded psychology as a part of natural philosophy. He also wrote much about the philosophy of mind. The material appears in his article writing. In a systematic treatise on the nature of the soul. In several monographs on topics such as sense, perception, member, sleep, and dreams. in some of Plato’s writings-  and exile from a better world house in a base body.

The very essence is define by its relationship to an organic structure. not only humans but beasts and plans to have souls, intrinsic principles of animal and vegetable life. A soul is the actuality of a body that has life. where life means the capacity for self-sustenance, growth, and reproduction. The living substance is a composite of matter and form. The soul is the form of a natural organic body. and that some organs, which place important parts And play specific functions, are the mouth of mammals and the roots of trees.

The mind is very complex and urgency to understanding is necessary for the betterment of society.