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What do you mean by geography?

Father of Geography is the study of places, the relationships between people, and their environments. It also exposes both, the physical properties of the earth’s surface and the human society spread across it. Geography also correlates with The curiosity of understanding Why things are formed,  how they develop and change over time, and why they are there. It is a vast field of science that is devoted to the research and careful examination of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the earth and planets.

The beautiful term Geography comes from the ancient Greeks, who were desperate to describe the writing and maps that were helping them make sense of the world in which they lived.  The earth was filled with beautiful and Majestic things which you can see here with ears and senses but to put it into words the language is necessary.

It more complex

To make it more complex, distinction and division are relatable. Also In Greek, geo means earth and graphene means to write. Using Geography, Greeks developed an ultimate grass and understanding of where their Homeland was located about other places, why some places Rocky and some are stiff. Because the curiosity to understand the surroundings and the environment has led to great geographical knowledge and wisdom throughout human history.

The specification of geography opens new doors for young minds and especially for lovers of Earth and the surrounding. Later on, Greek geographers developed very detailed math of areas in and around Greece,  including parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. The doubt and questioning abilities of humans are supplied with great information and acknowledgment. There were many questions raised such as how and why different human and natural patterns came into being.

Who is the father of geography?

 The father of geography is a very important title and given to the person who has done tremendous study regarding Earth and the calculations also calls prediction are truthful. Eratosthenes was a Greek mathematician who had a great profound interest in geography. He was the founder of geography. He calculated the circumference of the earth and also the tilt axis of the earth. The calculation of the distance between the sun and the earth is decided given the concept of the lift. But there are confusions between Aristotle and  Eratosthenes that argument is Aristotle might be the father of geography because he had done everything except what is on various subjects including geography. He studied geography as a part of science where Eratosthenes made it a new subject to study.


Also Eratosthenes process a wide range of abilities. He was a great mathematician, geographer, poet, and astronomer who lived in the 5th century BC. Their verge and love for geography were enormous and everything for him. He pioneered vocabulary that is still used today. Basically most famous Research and Discovery were for being the first person to determine the earth’s diameter.

He has accomplished a lot of things including the substantial survey findings he had access to as part of his job at the library. Also calculations were astonishingly precise and correct. He developed the first global projection of the Earth which includes the Palace and meridian. The collaborated with inventing scientific chronology. Basically Whatever he does it does with all his heart and senses which proved him a great researcher and never of geography. He was an expert in every field of study.

The Suda Mexican people

The Suda Mexican people referred to him as an all-rounder because he possessed a wide range of abilities and the capacity to precisely think and act accordingly. Some people called him a geographer of geography and mathematician of mathematics and so on. A  grade calculates the distance to the sun to be 400 and 80000 stadia.   The diameter of the Sun, according to Eratosthenes, is approximately 27 times that of the earth.

However, the actual figure is 109 times higher. The lack of Technology and cooperation has left him with a little bit of precision. The theories and discoveries go on. one time he computed that there are 365 days in a year and 366 days in the fourth year which is precisely correct and clear.

The doubling of the cube and all its problems was told by him only. Because its calculate the cube, he built the Mesolabio, the mechanical line drawing apparatus.  He had a friend named Archimedes. He was also a great researcher and mathematician who worked with him on the wall of instruments. The friend was so impressed and flabbergasted by the passion of the Eratosthenes that he wrote a book on the method.


Also Geography is a scientific discipline. The lovers of geography are called geographers. dedicate their life to the study of the earth and other planets, territories, and characteristics. Also It is a broad field of study that aims to comprehend the world and its intricacies.

Read More For Hydrogen Bond

There are two branches of Father of Geography:

 Human geography and Physical Geography. The study of people and their communities, culture, economy, and interactions with the environment is called human geography. Whereas physical geography is concerned with the study of natural processes and patterns of the earth. The atmosphere, Hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere are all covered.

The human relationship with the world is never-ending nor divisible. Humans are an integral part of the world. It is a unitary thing like without trees humans Can’t survive and without humans, trees can function well. They both are interdependent. There is no solitude our isolative movement of the system in the ecosystem.

Every living thing whether it’s a bird or a frog or anything is connected.  The logic and reasoning capabilities of humans have devised a great deal of Technology and modern error. But now the technology e is dominating humans and sleeping them into their primitive form. Now the humans are anguished and violent just like their primitive ancestors. 

Let’s talk about the physical  geography of India

The excitement and amusement of saying something new to you and beautiful are amazing and can be explained through words. so, our Indian physical features will flabbergast you.  be ready.

 Our country has practically all major physical features of the earth, that is mountains, plains, deserts, plateaus, and Islands. the land of India Pictures grade physical variation. geographically, the peninsular plateau constitutes one of the Ancient landmasses on the earth’s surface.

The Gondwana land is one of its kind and very Majestic. The Indian Himalayas and the northern place are the most recent landforms. With the idea of geology, Himalayan mountains form an unstable zone. Also the whole mountain system of Himalaya presents a very useful, beautiful topography with spectacular high peaks, deep valleys, and fast-flowing rivers. The peninsular plateau is composed of igneous and metamorphic rocks with gently rising Hills and wide valleys.


  • The Himalayan mountains
  • The northern plains
  • Peninsular plateau
  • The Indian desert
  • Coastal plains
  • The Islands

The Himalayas, geologically young and structurally beautiful, stretch over the northern borders of India. At the present time, these mountains range in a west-east direction from the Indus to the Brahmaputra. The Himalayas represent the loftiest and one of the most rugged mountain barriers of the world. they absolutely for an arc That represents beauty. Covers a distance of about 2400 km.

About Arunachal Pradesh

The width varies from 400 km in Kashmir to 150 km in Arunachal Pradesh. the variations are greater in the Eastern half than those in the Western half. It consists of three parallel ranges in its longitudinal extent. a great number of valleys lie between this range. Because the northmost range is known as the great or inner Himalaya is the Himadri. It is the most continuous range consisting of the loftiest peaks with an average height of 6000 m. At least it contains all prominent Himalayan peaks. the name of the glaciers and the passes that lie in the great Himalayas.

Some highest peaks of the Himalayas

  1. Mt Everest    8848   Nepal
  2. Kanchenjunga   8598  India
  3. Makalu  8481  Nepal
  4. Dhaulagiri   8172  Nepal  
  5. Nanga Parbat  8126  India
  6. Annapurna   8078  Nepal
  7. Nanda Devi 7817    India
  8. Kamet   7756    India
  9. Namcha Barwa  7756  India 
  10. Gurla Mandhata  7728    Nepal

The outermost range

The outermost range of the Himalayas is call the Shivalik. Brahmaputra Market is the easternmost boundary of the Himalayas. The Himalayas band sharply to the south and spread along the Eastern Boundary of India. They are know as the Purvanchal on the eastern Hills and mountains. Also these Hills running through the North-Eastern states are mostly compose of strong sandstone. Which is sedimentary rocks. cover with dense forest, they mostly run as parallel ranges and valleys. Purvanchal comprises the Patkai hills, the Naga hills, the Manipur hills, and the Mizo hills.


The northern plain has been form by the interplay of the three major river systems- the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra along with their tributaries. It is formed of Alluvial soil. Also the deposition of alluvium in a washbasin lying at the foothills of the Himalayas over millions of years formed this fertile plain. It spreads over an area of 7 lakh square km. The plane is about 2400 km long and 240 to 320 km broad. The soil is very rich with an adequate water supply and a favorable climate. ultimately becomes a great agricultural productive part of  India.

 Majuli is the Brahmaputra river is the largest inhabit riverine island in the world.

The river in the lower course split into numerous channels due to the deposition of silt. These channels are known as distributaries.  It is divide into three sections. Also the western part of the northern plain is reversed as the Punjab planes. The largest part of the player lies in Pakistan. and its tributaries are the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, and the Satluj.

The dog is make of two words meaning two ab meaning water. Similarly, Punjab is also make of two words 5 meaning 5, and Mini water that is 5 water. The Ganga plain is spread over the states of North India, Haryana, Delhi,  U.P, Bihar, partly Jharkhand. Only in Assam lies the Brahmaputra.

The northern plain can be divide into four reasons. The rivers after descending from the mountain deposit payable in a narrow belt of about 8 to 16 km in with a line parallel to the slopes of the Shivalik. South of this belt, the streams and rivers re-emergence create a word from p and marshy is the reason know as Terai. Because the largest part of the northern plain is form of older alluvium. It lies above the food Plains of the rivers and presents a terrace-like feature. The soil in this region contains calcareous deposits locally known as Kankad.


 The peninsular plateau is a table and composed of the old crystalline, Igneous and metamorphic rocks. It is form due to the breaking and drifting of the Gondwanaland and therefore making it a part of the oldest landmass. The plateau has broad and narrow valleys and rounded Hills. It consists of two broad divisions namely the central Highlands and Deccan Plateau. The part of the peninsular plateau lying to the north Of the Narmada river covering a major area of the Malwa plateau is known as the Central Highlands.

Whereas the Deccan Plateau is a triangular landmass that lies to the south of the river Narmada. The Satpura Range flanks are broad-based in the north, while the Mahadev, the Kaimur Hills, and the magical range from its Eastern extensions. These Hills and ranges are Majestic and breathtaking when seen with naked eyes. The Deccan Plateau is higher in the west and slopes gently East. Locally, people call them the Meghalaya, Karbi anglong plateau, and the North Cachar Hills. Three prominent Hill ranges from the west to the east are the Garo, the Kasi, and the Jayanti Hills.


Ghats and the Eastern Ghats mark the Western and Eastern addresses of the Deccan Plateau respectively. Because Western Ghats’ life inputs to the West Coast. Their containers and can be cross through passes only. The Western Ghats are higher than the Eastern Ghats. Their average elevation is 900 to 1500 meters as compared to 600 meters of his Eastern Ghats. The Eastern Guards stretched from the Mahanadi Valley to  Nilgiris in the south. These are discontinuous and irregular and distracted by rivers draining into the Bay of Bengal.

The Western Ghats cause orographic rain by facing the rain-bearing most winds to rise along the western slopes of the Ghats. the height of the Western Ghats progressively increased from north to south. Because the highest peaks include the anion Modi and the Doddabetta, Mahendra Giri is the highest peak in the Eastern Ghat. Shevaroy Hills And The javadi Hills are located to the southeast of the Eastern Ghats.

What are the distinct features of the peninsular plateau is the black soil area know as the Deccan trap. This is of volcanic origin,  Hence, the rocks are igneous. These rocks are delude over time and are responsible for the formation of black soil. Also the Aravali Hills lie on the Western and North Western margins of the peninsula, these are highly erode Hills and I find them to be break. They extend from Gujarat to Delhi in a Southwest northeast direction.

THE INDIAN DESERT for Father of Geography

The Indian desert lies towards the Western margins of the Aravali hills. It is an undulating Sandy Plains covered with dunes. This region receives very low rainfall below 150 mm per year. It has an arid climate with low vegetation cover. Streams appeared during the rainy season. soon after they disappear into the sand as they do not have enough water to reach the sea.  Luni is the only large river in this region. Christian-shaped dunes cover large areas but longitudinal dunes become more prominent near the Indo-Pakistan boundary. These are call buttons.


The peninsular plateau is flank by a sketch of narrow postal strips, running along the Arabian Sea on the best in the Bay of Bengal on the east. The Western coast, sandwiched between the Western Ghats in the Arabian Sea, is a narrow plain. It consists of three sections. The northern part of the coast is call the Konkan. The central park structures are call the Kannad plain. While the south and Stretch are refer to as the Malabar coast. The Northern part, the southern part is known as the Coromandel coast. Large rivers such as Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna, and the Kavari have formed an extensive Delta on this coast. Also the Lake Chilka is an important feature along the eastern coast. Because coastal plains profile and a significant amount of work to the farmers. Who are our native on the coastal areas.


What do you mean by Island? about Father of Geography

At least an island is a group of small landmasses surrounding by water from its four sides. These islands In oceans, lakes, seas, etc. In India this small group of Ireland is compose of small Coral Islands.  They were know as Lakshadweep. It covers small areas of 32 square kilometers. Kavaratti Island is the administrative headquarters of Lakshadweep. Pitti Island which is inhabitate has a bird sanctuary.

These are Andaman and Nicobar Islands. They are bigger and are more numerous and scattered. Then a group of islands is divide into two broad categories- The Andaman in the north and the Nicobar in the south. These Island groups are of great strategic importance for the country. There is a great diversity e of flora and fauna in this group of Islands. After all the islands live close to the equator and experience an equatorial climate and have thick forest cover. India’s only active volcano is found on Barren Island in the Andaman and Nicobar group of islands. 

This is a list of other famous geographers after the father of geography

  •  Branch name                                              Name of the father
  •  Father of American geography                     William Morris  David                              
  •  Father of Geology                                          Sir Charles Lyell
  •  Scientist of modern geomorphology                  Grove Karl Gilbert
  •  Father of phytogeography                              Alexander Von Humboldt
  •  His of modern cartography                         Heinrich season berann
  •  Father of scientific climatology                         Reid Bryson                   
  •  Father of scientific human geography               Carl ritter.


Physical geography is a branch of Geography which day is on geography as an Earth science to understand physical problems. This is also helpful with the understanding of lithosphere, Hydrosphere,  atmosphere, pedosphere, and global sport.

Also The physical (Father of Geography) can be divide into various branches as follows:


Climatology and meteorology

Coastal  geography

Environmental management


Landscape ecology


HUMAN GEOGRAPHY ( Father of Geography )

Because human geography is a part of Geography which deals with the study of patterns and processes. This can be divide into some broad categories as follows:

  •  Cultural geography
  •  Development geography
  •  Economic geography
  •  Health geography
  •  Urban geography
  •  Religion geography

Economic geography ( Father of Geography )

Economic and cultural words are closely intertwine. Many individual economic decisions in advanced industrial countries, for example, what to buy, where to eat, and where to take vacations- reflect not needs but rather culturally-induced preferences which are changing rapidly. Basically Economic Geography investigates. How markets for goods and services are culturally create and change. The implications for both their production occurs in which jobs are create and destroyed.

Political geography

Political Geography also has a considerable Pedigree, although it attracted little attention during the mid- 20th century. Its main concern is with the state and its territory- which states extended relations and the relationship between the government and citizens. Bonding is very important to survive for a long period. The geography of conflict incorporates both local complexes, over such matters as land use and environmental issues such as pollution, deforestation, global warming, etc.

Social geography ( Father of Geography )

 Social Geography concentrates on division within society initially class, ethnicity, e relation, and other such a gender, sexual orientation, and age. These groups are concentrate within an urban area and are investigating the related inequalities and cons. Some mappings are complement by more detail studies of the role of place in space in social behavior. Also the studies of the geography of crime and education provision. How mental representation of those geographies is create and transmit.

Population geography

Also Population Geography is largely concerned with the three main demographic characteristics of fertility, e morality, and migration;  The investigation team uses sensors and other data are complement by detailed case studies of decision making.

Medical geography ( Father of Geography )

Medical Geography focuses on patterns of disease and death. How the disease is spread, for example how variations in morbidity and mortality rates reflect local environment. The geographies of the Healthcare division. Basically it reflects a great deal of information as to which areas of world health are very good and supreme. Their diets and lifestyle observe and research well to promote such livelihood in other places. Also the prime factor may be e climate, metal structure, or the government.

Cultural geography

 Cultural geography had close links with anthropology, especially in the works of Berkeley School. The interrelationship among people and societies as well as between people and the environment, cultures of sets of belief transmitted in many ways. mostly involve text, not only written but also visual and constructed that is works of art and architecture. The Social Sciences in developing an appreciation of meanings in tax and actions, including the landscapes and townscapes- large and small, all personnel and intimate, grand and public created in this process.