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Cultural and educational rights

Cultural and Educational Rights? Rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people according to some legal system, social convention or ethical theory. Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world, from birth until death. It can never be taken away, if it can be restricted. A person breaks the law or rule. Rights are based on shared values like dignity, education, equality.

Importance of human rights

Why human have rights? Why there is rules and regulations for everything? As you all know there is rules and regulation at every place at your school, college even at your home also. So, why there is need for rights, laws, rules. Think if you have no rules for examination then all students pass easily, there is no timing for school then student cant attend whole class. So we surrounded by rules. If you have rules then you have rights also. Human rights are important because no one should be abused or discriminated by anyone.

Human rights give people basic needs like everyone need is to medicine, food, shelter. By including these rights everyone wants a dignity. Unfortunately there are so many countries who doesn’t have these rights.

Human rights protect many groups from discrimination. Before the declaration of human rights Jewish population was most abused by Hitler.

Human rights allows people to speak up for their rights without any fear. The concept of human right tell them people that they deserve dignity, education and many rights.

Human rights encourage people to speak on any topic without any fear. It helps to protects people who want to debate or argue with certain ideas.

Human rights give people freedom to practice their religion. It acknowledge the importance of a person’s religion and spiritual beliefs, and lets them practice in peace. The freedom to not hold a religion is also a human right.

UDHR

The universal declaration of human rights (UDHR) is a milestone documents in the history of human rights. It can drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world. The declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948, sets out for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

Read:- Teaching Meaning

The first time countries agreed on the freedoms and rights that deserve universal protection in order for every individual to live their lives freely, equally and in dignity. The declaration Indian society is very diverse. Each person rights who have Indian citizen. This is rights should be held by Indian constitution. The makers of constitution of India especially Dr. B. R Ambedkar take care of all people and their diversity. Therefore, the constitution of India accord the status of fundamental rights to cultural and educational rights.

Article : In Cultural And Educational Rights

Article 29 (i) it states that the citizens of India who reside in India having a distinct culture, language, and script, shall have the right to conserve their culture and language. This right is absolute and there are no ‘reasonable restrictions’ in the interest of the general public here.

Article 29 (ii) The state shall not deny admission into educational institutes maintained by it or those receive aids from any person based on race, religion, caste, language, etc. This is right to given individuals and not any community.

Article 30 (i) all religious and linguistic minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Article 30 (ii) The state should not, when granting aid to educational institutions, discriminate against any educational institution on the ground that it is under the management of a minority, whether based on religion or language.

Educational right means

In India, cultural and educational right means all citizens of India have right to follow their culture, religion and language without any fear and all minorities, religious or linguistic can establish and practice their own educational institutions also. The state shall not discriminate on the basis of religion, race culture. People can easily follow their religion whatever they want to follow peacefully. For example, Hindus have right to worship in temple, Muslims have right to worship in mosque, Christian and many more.  have right to worship in church, Punjabi have right to worship in Gurudwara. It comes under article 29 & 30.

Contribution of Dr. B R Ambedkar

Before independence of India there are so many conflicts to minorities, religious and language because in India there are wide diversity which creates problem for government that how they organize and how they give equal rights to all. There is big contribution of Dr, B R Ambedkar for cultural and educational right. He tried so much to insert the words  “socialist” and “secular” in Article 1 of the constitution.  Rights for minorities should be absolute rights. They should not be subject to any consideration as to what another party may like to do to minorities within its jurisdiction.

Ambedkar said in 1947 that the clause forbidding discrimination against minorities in admission to state educational institutions and prohibiting compulsory religious instruction to them be referred to a committee for further consideration. it is stand on the issue suggests he held that secularism was a universal value that needn’t be specifically mentioned in the constitution.

Cultural And Educational rights for all people

It is very vital to understand the condition of the minority in the present and past scenario. Government put more efforts to improve the condition of minority constitutional guaranteed rights, different institution and commission established. At that time minority faced so many discrimination, violence, and atrocities so many riots happened like Gujarat riots.

Therefore, we can enjoy these rights in the Indian constitution because it is giving the full right to an individual and even a foreigner under Article 29 to follow their culture and in Article 30 all people can enjoy their educational institution which will protect our culture and faith from these rights. This also gives a feeling of unity in diversity to each and every citizen and makes them feel that the state is not going to destroy their culture or language. Read more:-, Because they are very good for all people.